The North End is Boston's oldest residential community, where people have lived continuously since it was settled in the 1630s. It has been home to a number of immigrant populations. Before the waves of immigrants began to arrive, however, the North End was home to some of Boston's wealthiest residents and later to the first community of African Americans created by freed and escaped slaves.
In the early 20th century, it became the center of the Italian community of Boston. Today, it is still largely residential and well-known for its small, authentic Italian restaurants.
Boston's famous Freedom Trail passes through the North End, making official stops at Paul Revere's house and Old North church.
The construction of the elevated Central Artery (Interstate 93) in the 1950s divided the North End from the rest of Boston. With the recent completion of the Big Dig, the old elevated highway has been completely removed and the North End is being rejoined with the rest of the city. For the first time, the sunlight shines on the North End, highlighting the numerous shops, quaint Italian restaurants, butchers, cafes and life in the North End - the old world feeling is now out from under the shadows of the old Central Artery.
Boston's Waterfront is one the most scenic parts of Boston. The waterfront is close to Boston's Financial District, the North End and Faneuil Hall. It is also a short train, cab ride or water taxi ride to Back Bay for additional shopping, dining, and other entertainment and cultural options. Recently, a number of luxury condominium developments have been built up along the scenic waterfront, which is also now free of the hulking Central Artery, and will soon be home to the Rose Kennedy Greenway.